# Schedule for: 17w5119 - Stochastic Analysis and its Applications

Beginning on Sunday, October 22 and ending Friday October 27, 2017

All times in Banff, Alberta time, MDT (UTC-6).

Sunday, October 22 | |
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16:00 - 17:30 | Check-in begins at 16:00 on Sunday and is open 24 hours (Front Desk - Professional Development Centre) |

17:30 - 19:30 |
Dinner ↓ A buffet dinner is served daily between 5:30pm and 7:30pm in the Vistas Dining Room, the top floor of the Sally Borden Building. (Vistas Dining Room) |

20:00 - 22:00 | Informal gathering (Corbett Hall Lounge (CH 2110)) |

Monday, October 23 | |
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07:00 - 08:45 |
Breakfast ↓ Breakfast is served daily between 7 and 9am in the Vistas Dining Room, the top floor of the Sally Borden Building. (Vistas Dining Room) |

08:45 - 09:00 | Introduction and Welcome by BIRS Station Manager (TCPL 201) |

09:00 - 09:45 |
Martin Hairer: Boundary renormalisation of singular SPDEs ↓ We consider singular stochastic PDEs in simple square domains
with the usual Neumann / Dirichlet / mixed boundary data. We show
that in some circumstances, renormalisation effects appear in the
boundary data and we discuss the significance of this effect. (TCPL 201) |

09:45 - 10:30 |
Michael Cranston: Heavy tails and one-dimensional localization ↓ In this talk we address a question posed several years ago by G. Zaslovski: what is the effect of heavy tails of one-dimensional random potentials on the standard objects of localization theory: Lyapunov exponents, density of states, statistics of eigenvalues, etc. We'll consider several models of potentials constructed by the use of $iid$ random variables which belong to the domain of attraction of the stable distribution with parameter $\alpha<1.$ In order to put our results in context, we'll recall the "regular theory" as presented in Carmona-Lacroix or Figotin-Pastur. We consider the one-dimensional Schr\"{o}dinger operator on the half line with boundary condition:
\begin{eqnarray}\label{seqn}
H^{\theta_0}\psi(x)=-\psi''(x)+V(x,\omega)\psi(x),\,\psi(0)\cos\theta_0-\psi'(0)\sin\theta_0=0.
\end{eqnarray}
where for each $x\in [0,\infty),\,V(x,\cdot)$ is a random variable on a basic probability space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F}, P)$ and $\theta_0\in[0,\pi]$ is fixed. Our potentials $V(x,\omega)$ will be piecewise constant, these are the so-called Kr\"{o}nig-Penny type potentials. As opposed to the regular theory, the large tails of the probability distribution of the potential $V$ will lead to random Lyapunov exponents and a different rate of decay of eigenfunctions from the standard case. The talk is based on joint work with S. Molchanov and N. Squartini. (TCPL 201) |

10:30 - 11:00 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

11:00 - 11:45 |
Rami Atar: Queueing and a Walsh Brownian motion ↓ I will describe a simple queueing model and argue that, at the diffusion scale, its state process converges to a Walsh Brownian motion. This is joint work with Asaf Cohen (Haifa U.). (TCPL 201) |

11:30 - 13:00 |
Lunch ↓ Lunch is served daily between 11:30am and 1:30pm in the Vistas Dining Room, the top floor of the Sally Borden Building. (Vistas Dining Room) |

13:00 - 14:00 |
Guided Tour of The Banff Centre ↓ Meet in the Corbett Hall Lounge for a guided tour of The Banff Centre campus. (Corbett Hall Lounge (CH 2110)) |

14:00 - 14:15 |
Group Photo ↓ Meet in foyer of TCPL to participate in the BIRS group photo. The photograph will be taken outdoors, so dress appropriately for the weather. Please don't be late, or you might not be in the official group photo! (TCPL Foyer) |

14:15 - 15:00 |
Ofer Zeitouni: Cover time of trees and of the two dimensional sphere ↓ I will begin by reviewing the general relations that exist between the cover time of graphs by random walk
and the Gaussian free field on the graph, and explain the strength and limitations of these general methods. I will then
discuss recent results concerning the cover time of the binary tree of depth $n$ by simple random walk, and in particular sharp fluctuation results for the cover time, mirroring those for the maximal displacement of branching random walk; certain barrier estimates for Bessel processes play a crucial role. Finally, I will describe how these technique can be applied to the study of the cover time of the 2-sphere
by the Brownian sausage.
Based on joint work with David Belius and Jay Rosen. (TCPL 201) |

15:00 - 15:30 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

15:30 - 16:15 |
Steve Evans: Rotatable random sequences in local fields ↓ An infinite sequence of real random variables $(\xi_1,
\xi_2, \ldots)$ is said to be rotatable if every finite subsequence
$(\xi_1, \ldots, \xi_n)$ has a spherically
symmetric distribution. A classical theorem of David Freedman says
that $(\xi_1, \xi_2, \ldots)$ is rotatable if and only if $\xi_j =
\sigma \eta_j$ for all $j$, where $(\eta_1, \eta_2, \ldots)$ is a
sequence of independent standard Gaussian random variables and
$\sigma$ is an independent nonnegative random variable. We establish
the analogue of Freedman's result for sequences of random variables
taking values in arbitrary locally compact, nondiscrete fields other
than the field of real numbers or the field of complex numbers. This
is joint work with Daniel Raban, a Berkeley undergraduate. (TCPL 201) |

16:15 - 17:00 |
Nathanael Berestycki: Universality for the dimer model ↓ The dimer model on a finite bipartite graph is a uniformly chosen perfect matching, i.e., a set of edges which cover every vertex exactly once. It is a classical model of mathematical physics, going back to work of Kasteleyn and Temeperley/Fisher in the 1960s.
A central object for the dimer model is a notion of height function introduced by Thurston, which turns the dimer model into a random discrete surface. I will discuss a series of recent results with Benoit Laslier and Gourab Ray where we establish the convergence of the height function to a scaling limit in a variety of situations. This includes simply connected domains of the plane with arbitrary linear boundary conditions for the height, in which case the limit is the Gaussian free field, and Temperleyan graphs drawn on Riemann surfaces. In all these cases the scaling limit is universal and conformally invariant.
A key new idea in our approach is to exploit "imaginary geometry" couplings between the Gaussian free field and SLE. (TCPL 201) |

17:05 - 17:50 |
Panki Kim: Boundary theory of subordinate killed L\'evy processes ↓ Let $Z$ be a subordinate Brownian motion in $\mathbf{R}^d$, $d\ge 3$,
via a subordinator with Laplace exponent $\phi$. We kill the process $Z$
upon exiting a bounded open set $D\subset {\mathbb R}^d$ to obtain the killed process
$Z^D$, and then we subordinate the process $Z^D$
by a subordinator with Laplace exponent $\psi$.
The resulting process is denoted by $Y^D$. Both $\phi$
and $\psi$ are assumed to satisfy certain weak scaling
conditions at infinity.
In this talk, I will present some recent results on the potential
theory, in particular the boundary theory, of $Y^D$.
First, in case that $D$ is a $\kappa$-fat bounded open set, we
show that the Harnack inequality holds. If, in addition, $D$ satisfies
the local exterior volume condition, then we prove the Carleson estimate.
In case $D$ is a smooth open set and the lower weak scaling index of
$\psi$ is strictly larger than $1/2$, we establish the boundary Harnack
principle with explicit decay rate near the boundary of $D$.
On the other hand,
when $\psi(\lambda)=\lambda^{\gamma}$ with $\gamma\in (0,1/2]$, we show
that the boundary Harnack principle near the boundary of $D$ fails for any
bounded $C^{1,1}$ open set $D$.
Our results give the first example where the Carleson estimate holds true,
but the boundary Harnack principle does not.
We also prove a boundary Harnack principle for non-negative functions
harmonic in a smooth open set $E$ strictly contained in $D$, showing
that the behavior of $Y^D$ in the interior of $D$ is determined by the
composition $\psi\circ \phi$.
This talk is based a joint paper with Renming Song and Zoran Vondracek. (TCPL 201) |

17:30 - 19:30 |
Dinner ↓ A buffet dinner is served daily between 5:30pm and 7:30pm in the Vistas Dining Room, the top floor of the Sally Borden Building. (Vistas Dining Room) |

Tuesday, October 24 | |
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07:00 - 09:00 | Breakfast (Vistas Dining Room) |

09:00 - 09:45 |
Jean-Francois Le Gall: Excursion theory for Brownian motion indexed by the Brownian tree ↓ We develop an excursion theory for Brownian motion indexed by the Brownian tree, which
in many respects is analogous to the classical Ito theory for linear Brownian motion.
Each excursion is associated with a connected component of the complement of the zero set of
the tree-indexed Brownian motion. Each such connected component is itself a continuous tree,
and we introduce a quantity measuring the length of its boundary.
The collection of boundary lengths coincides with the collection of jumps of a certain
continuous-state branching process. Furthermore, conditionally on the boundary lengths,
the different excursions are independent, and we determine their conditional distribution
in terms of an excursion measure which is the analog of the Ito measure of Brownian excursions.
If time permits, we will describe applications to the random metric spaces called Brownian disks.
This is based in part on a joint work in collaboration with C. Abraham. (TCPL 201) |

09:45 - 10:30 |
Karl-Theodor Sturm: Gradient flows, heat equation, and Brownian motion on time-dependent metric measure spaces ↓ We study the heat equation on time-dependent metric measure spaces (being a dynamic forward gradient flow for the energy) and its dual (being a dynamic backward gradient flow for the Boltzmann entropy). Monotonicity estimates for transportation distances and for squared gradients will be shown to be equivalent to the so-called dynamical convexity of the Boltzmann entropy on the Wasserstein space which is the define property of super-Ricci flows. Moreover, we show equivalence with monotone coupling property of backward Brownian motion as well as with log Sobolev, local Poincare and dimension free Harnack inequalities. (TCPL 201) |

10:30 - 11:00 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

11:00 - 11:45 |
Jian Wang: Heat kernel estimates and Harnack inequalities for symmetric non-local Dirichlet forms and their applications ↓ In this talk, we will discuss heat kernel estimates, parabolic and elliptic Harnack inequalities for symmetric
non-local Dirichlet forms on metric measure spaces under general volume doubling
condition. We will present equivalent characterizations of heat kernel estimates, parabolic Harnack inequalities
in terms of the jumping kernels, variants of cutoff Sobolev inequalities, and Poincaré
inequalities, and we will also establish connections among heat kernel estimates, parabolic Harnack inequalities and
elliptic Harnack inequalities. As an application, we will study the quenched invariance principle for random conductance models with long rang jumps of stable-like type. The talk is mainly based on joint work with Zhen-Qing Chen and Takashi Kumagai. (TCPL 201) |

11:30 - 13:30 | Lunch (Vistas Dining Room) |

13:30 - 14:15 |
Rodrigo Banuelos: Stability in martingale Inequalities ↓ Following Burkholder’s seminal work on sharp martingale inequalities, there has been considerable interest in their applications to various problems in analysis. Unlike many sharp inequalities in analysis and geometry (Sobolev, Log-Sobolev, Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev, Nash, Housdorff-Young, Isoperimetric, Faber-Krahn, etc.), extremals for the martingale inequalities do not exist and equality is never attained except for trivial cases. Motivated by applications, this talk discusses the nature and stability of the “almost extremals’’ in Burkholder’s inequalities and consequences for certain singular integrals.
This talk is based on join work with Adam Adam Oscekowski of the University of Warsaw. (TCPL 201) |

14:15 - 15:00 |
Krzysztof Bogdan: Fractional Schrodinger operators ↓ We give sharp two-sided estimates of the semigroup generated by the fractional Laplacian plus the Hardy potential, including the case of the critical constant.
This is a joint project with Tomasz Grzywny, Tomasz Jakubowski and Dominika Pilarczyk from WUST. (TCPL 201) |

15:00 - 15:30 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

15:30 - 16:15 |
Greg Lawler: Minkowski content and exceptional sets for Brownian paths ↓ Hausdorff measure is often used to measure fractal sets.
However, there is a more natural quantity, Minkowski content,
which more closely matches the scaling limit of discrete counting
measures and is closely related to the idea of local time.
I will discuss this in the context of several sets for which Chris Burdzy
made fundamental contributions: cut points for Brownian paths and outer
boundary of two-dimensional Brownian motion. The latter is
closely related to the Schramm-Loewner evolution (SLE).
I will include
joint work with Mohammad Rezaei and
recent work with Nina Holden, Xinyi Li, and Xin Sun. (TCPL 201) |

16:15 - 17:00 |
Kavita Ramanan: Fluctuations, concentration and large deviations for mean-field game limits ↓ Consider a symmetric game with $n$ players in which each player incurs a cost function and chooses a strategy that depends on its own state and on the state of the other players only through the empirical distribution of their states. The Nash equilibria of such symmetric $n$-player games are hard to analyze or even compute, but their limit, as the number of players goes to infinity, can be characterized in terms of a certain stochastic differential game with a continuum of players, referred to as a mean-field game. We show how properties of solutions to an infinite-dimensional partial differential equation for the value function of the mean-field game can be used to establish central limit theorems and large deviation principles for the sequence of empirical measures of Nash equilibria in $n$-player games. This is joint work with Francois Delarue and Dan Lacker. (TCPL 201) |

17:05 - 17:50 |
Siva Athreya: Small noise limit for singularly perturbed diffusion ↓ We consider a simultaneous small noise limit for a
singularly perturbed coupled diffusion
described by
\begin{eqnarray*}
X^{\varepsilon}_t &=& x_0 + \int_0^t b(X^{\varepsilon}_s, Y^{\varepsilon}_s)ds + \varepsilon^{\alpha}B_t,
\label{ex} \\
Y^{\varepsilon}_t &=& y_0 - \frac{1}{\varepsilon} \int_0^t \nabla_yU(X^{\varepsilon}_s, Y^{\varepsilon}_s)ds+
\frac{s(\varepsilon)}{\sqrt{\varepsilon}} W_t,\label{wye}
\end{eqnarray*}
where $x_0 \in {\mathbb R}^d, y_0 \in {\mathbb R}^m$, $B_t, W_t$ are independent Brownian motions, $b : \mathbb{R}^d \times \mathbb{R}^m \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^d$, $U : \mathbb{R}^d \times \mathbb{R}^m \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, and $s : (0, \infty) \rightarrow (0, \infty).$
One observes that there is a time scale separation between $X$ and $Y$. Under suitable assumptions on $b, U$, for $0 < \alpha < \frac{1}{2}$, if $s(\epsilon) \rightarrow 0$ goes to zero at a prescribed slow enough rate then we establish all weak limits points of $X^{\epsilon}$, as $\epsilon \rightarrow 0$, as Fillipov solutions to a differential inclusion.
This is joint work with V. Borkar, S. Kumar and R. Sundaresan. (TCPL 201) |

17:30 - 19:30 | Dinner (Vistas Dining Room) |

20:00 - 22:00 | Reception in honor of Krzysztof Burdzy (Lounge of the Corbett Hall) |

Wednesday, October 25 | |
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07:00 - 09:00 | Breakfast (Vistas Dining Room) |

09:00 - 09:45 |
Yuval Peres: Random walks on dynamical percolation ↓ We study the behavior of random walk on dynamical percolation. In this model, the edges of a graph $G$ are either open or closed and refresh their status at rate $\mu$, while at the same time a random walker moves on $G$ at rate 1, but only along edges which are open. On the $d$-dimensional torus with side length $n$, when the bond parameter is subcritical, we determined (with A. Stauffer and J. Steif) the mixing times for both the full system and the random walker. The supercritical case is harder, but using evolving sets we were able (with J. Steif and P. Sousi) to analyze it for p sufficiently large. The critical and moderately supercritical cases remain open. (TCPL 201) |

09:45 - 10:30 |
Jean-Dominique Deuschel: Random walks in dynamical balanced environment ↓ We prove a quenched invariance principle and local limit theorem
for a random walk in an ergodic balanced time dependent environment
on the lattice. Our proof relies on the parabolic Harnack inequality
for the adjoint operator. This is joint work with X. Guo. (TCPL 201) |

10:30 - 11:00 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

11:00 - 11:45 |
Soumik Pal: Aldous diffusion on continuum trees ↓ Consider a binary tree with n labeled leaves. Randomly select a leaf for removal and
then reinsert it back on an edge selected at random from the remaining structure. This produces
a Markov chain on the space of n-leaved binary trees whose invariant distribution is the uniform
distribution. David Aldous, who introduced and analyzed this Markov chain, conjectured the
existence of a continuum limit of this process if we remove labels from leaves, scale edge-
length and time appropriately with n, and let n go to infinity. The conjectured diffusion will have
an invariant distribution given by the so-called Brownian Continuum Random Tree. In a series of
papers, co-authored with N. Forman, D. Rizzolo, and M. Winkel, we construct this continuum
limit. This talk will be an overview of our construction and describe the path behavior of this
limiting object. (TCPL 201) |

11:30 - 13:30 | Lunch (Vistas Dining Room) |

13:30 - 14:15 |
Balint Toth: Quenched CLT for random walk in divergence-free random drift field ↓ We prove the quenched version of the central limit theorem for the displacement of a random walk in doubly stochastic random environment, under the $H_{-1}$-condition, with slightly stronger, $L^{2+\epsilon}$ (rather than $L^2$) integrability condition on the stream tensor. On the way we extend Nash's moment bound to the non-reversible, divergence-free drift case. (TCPL 201) |

14:15 - 15:00 |
Tianyi Zheng: Harmonic maps on groups and behavior of random walks ↓ Recently Ozawa gave a functional analysis proof of Gromovs polynomial growth theorem. A key element in the proof is to establish that a group of polynomial growth has Shaloms property $H_F D$. Ozawas work renewed interest in this somewhat mysterious property. We extend Ozawas approach to show that a class of locally-finite-by-Z groups have property $H_FD$. As examples we show that there are groups with property $H_FD$, where the speed of simple random walk can follow any prescribed function and all sub-linear harmonic functions are constant. Joint with Jeremie Brieussel. (TCPL 201) |

15:00 - 15:30 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

15:30 - 16:15 |
Martin Barlow: Stability of the elliptic Harnack inequality ↓ Following the work of Moser, as well as de Giorgi and Nash,
Harnack inequalities have proved to be a powerful tool in PDE as well as in
the study of the geometry of spaces. In the early 1990s Grigor'yan and Saloff-Coste
gave a characterisation of the parabolic Harnack inequality (PHI).
This characterisation implies that the PHI is stable under bounded perturbation
of weights, as well as rough isometries. In this talk we prove
the stability of the EHI.
This is joint work with Mathav Murugan (UBC). (TCPL 201) |

16:20 - 17:30 | Open problem and informal talk session 1 (TCPL 201) |

17:30 - 19:30 | Dinner (Vistas Dining Room) |

Thursday, October 26 | |
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07:00 - 09:00 | Breakfast (Vistas Dining Room) |

09:00 - 09:45 |
Ruth Williams: Asymptotic behavior of a critical fluid model for a processor sharing queue via relative entropy ↓ We develop a new approach to studying the asymptotic behavior of fluid models for critically loaded processor sharing queues,
using a certain relative entropy. Joint work with Amber Puha. (TCPL 201) |

09:45 - 10:30 |
Haya Kaspi: A Skorokhod map on measure valued paths with applications to priority queues ↓ The Skorokhod map on the half-line has proved to be a useful tool
for studying processes with non-negativity constraints. In this work we
introduce a measure-valued analog of this map that transforms each
element ? of a certain class of c`adl`ag paths that take values in the space
of signed measures on [0, ?) to a c\'ad\'ag path that takes values in the
space of non-negative measures on $[0, \infty)$ in such a way that for each
$x>0$, the path $t\to \zeta_t [0, x]$ is transformed via a Skorokhod map on the
half-line, and the regulating functions for different $x>0$ are coupled.
We establish regularity properties of this map and show that the map
provides a convenient tool for studying queueing systems in which tasks
are prioritized according to a continuous parameter. One such priority
assignment rule is the well known earliest-deadline-first priority rule.
We study it both for the single and the many server queueing systems.
We show how the map provides a framework within which to form
fluid model equations, prove uniqueness of solutions to these equations
and establish convergence of scaled state processes to the fluid model.
In particular, for these models, we obtain new convergence results in
time-inhomogeneous settings, which appear to fall outside the purview
of existing approaches and is essential when studying the EDF policy
for many servers queues.
Based on Joint work with Rami Atar, Anup Biswas and Kavita Ramanan. (TCPL 201) |

10:30 - 11:00 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

11:00 - 11:45 |
Zhi-Ming Ma: Optional measurable additive functionals ↓ In the area of Dirichlet forms, positive continuous additive functionals (PCAFs), together with the Revuz correspondence between PCAFs and smooth measures, constitute an active subject and play important roles in stochastic analysis.
In the case of positivity preserving forms, there is no single measure on the path space, therefore we introduce a notion of Optional measurable positive continuous additive functionals (O-PCAFs). Employing the structure of Optional sigma-field and the structure of Predictable sigma-field, we have established the Revuz correspondence between O-PCAFs and smooth measures. Thus O-PCAFs may play similar roles as PCAFs do in the framework of Dirichlet forms.
The talk is based on a joint research with Xian Chen and Xue Peng. (TCPL 201) |

11:30 - 13:30 | Lunch (Vistas Dining Room) |

13:30 - 17:30 | Free Afternoon (Banff National Park) |

17:30 - 19:30 | Dinner (Vistas Dining Room) |

Friday, October 27 | |
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07:00 - 09:00 | Breakfast (Vistas Dining Room) |

09:00 - 09:45 | Open problem and informal talk session 2 (TCPL 201) |

10:30 - 11:00 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

11:00 - 12:00 | Open problem and informal talk session 3 (TCPL 201) |

11:30 - 12:00 |
Checkout by Noon ↓ 5-day workshop participants are welcome to use BIRS facilities (BIRS Coffee Lounge, TCPL and Reading Room) until 3 pm on Friday, although participants are still required to checkout of the guest rooms by 12 noon. (Front Desk - Professional Development Centre) |

12:00 - 13:30 | Lunch from 11:30 to 13:30 (Vistas Dining Room) |