Hypercontractivity and Log Sobolev Inequalities in Quantum Information Theory (15w5098)

Arriving in Banff, Alberta Sunday, February 22 and departing Friday February 27, 2015

Organizers

(Stanford University)

(Northeastern University)

(University of Bristol)

(University of Vermont)

Objectives

This workshop will provide an opportunity to bring together several communities: mathematicians who work on hypercontractivity and log Sobolev inequalities, scientists (including physicists and engineers) who work in quantum information theory, and computer scientists.Quantum information theory is a highly interdisciplinary field in which important developments have relied on a variety of sophisticated mathematical tools including operator spaces, random matrix theory, and high dimensional convex bodies. Previous workshops at BIRS, beginning with the February 2007 workshop on Operator Structures in Quantum Information Theory played a key role by helping to introduce these mathematical methods to QIT researchers. One example of this interplay was the inter-disciplinary collaboration at the 2007 workshop which led to the solution of an open problem concerning multipartite Bell inequality violations~cite{PWPVJ}, and the reformulation of an 30-year-old open question in Banach algebras, which was then solved by computer scientists cite{BBHV}. This workshop was followed by others at the Fields Institute in July, 2009 and at BIRS in February 2012. In addition, the June 2010 BIRS workshop on Noncommutative $L_p$ Spaces, Operator Spaces and Applications included participants from QIT. These workshops contributed to the resolution (in the negative) of the so-called ``additivity conjecture'' in QIT and led directly to alternate proofs and improved estimates on the violation of additivity. Other developments to which these workshop contributed include Haagerup and Musat's cite{HM} resolution (in the negative) of the asymptotic Birkhoff conjecture, and several reformulations of the Connes' embedding problem including a connection with Tsirelson's problem cite{JNPPSW}.The success of these workshops was due, in part, to a decision to focus on a particular area of mathematics of potential importance to quantum information and to bring together people with very different backgrounds in mathematics and in the physical sciences. An important feature of these workshops were sessions devoted to the presentation and discussion of open problems, summaries of which were made available in the BIRS reports and on various web pages. We plan to include such discussions in the proposed workshop. Recently, hypercontractivity and log Sobolev inequalities have been used to obtain a variety of results in quantum information theory as described in the overview section. An informal lecture this June at a workshop at the Benasque Centre for Science attracted forty participants, more than ten of whom stayed for intensive discussions afterwords. There is a strong and growing interest in this topic. The fact that Montanaro cite{M} was able to apply these techniques to several different problems in QIT, as well as the work in cite{KT}, indicates that the potential applications to QIT go well beyond complexity theory. The time is ripe for a workshop which will bring together experts from the mathematical community and scientists in QIT. Based on the success of such previously focused workshops we expect an eager audience for this program. 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